Monday, August 29, 2016

Caleb Pacheco

Caleb Jordan Pacheco
July 15, 2008 - January 31, 2011
Caleb was born on July 15, 2008 to Alfred Pacheco and Juanita Kinzie. He had a sister named Melanie who passed away before he did. Caleb's family (other than his mother and his mother's boyfriend) became worried when they had not seen Caleb in an alarming amount of time. They created a Facebook page called "Where's Caleb?" Previously, Caleb had been living with his aunt, Yolanda Kinzie-Graber, because his mother abandoned him. In January of 2011, Juanita asked for Caleb to be returned to her. Yolanda was skeptical because she knew that Juanita had alcohol and drug problems. Despite this, she was forced to give Caleb back to her by law.
Yolanda pleaded with social workers to investigate Juanita, as she didn't think that Juanita could properly care for Caleb. Nothing ever came of this though. Juanita would lie and tell social workers what they wanted to hear, and Caleb remained in her custody. Although Caleb's family members wanted to know where he was, an Amber Alert could not be issued because police couldn't contact Caleb's mother to be sure he was actually missing. At one point, police were called on Juanita because she was causing a disturbance. When police officers met with her, they saw she was under the influence of meth. It was on this day that Juanita told police that her son was dead.

Police investigated Juanita's home. Under the house, police found Caleb's body. He was wrapped in a plastic bag and a blue blanket. He had been there for quite some time, and after his body was discovered, it was connected to the fact that, months earlier, other people nearby had complained about a foul odor coming from the trailer. 

Juanita was charged in Caleb's death and was found guilty of killing him. She was sentenced to thirty-two years in prison with an eligibility for parole in twenty-four years.

Sources:
The Denver Post
West Word
The Denver Channel
CBS

Sunday, August 28, 2016

Jasmine McClain

Jasmine MyKayla McClain
--- - November 14, 2011
Jasmine passed away when she was ten years old. She was known as being sweet, fun, and very loving. On the day Jasmine died, her mother had found her hanging in her bedroom. She grabbed Jasmine, and Jasmine took her last breath in her mother's arms. Investigators immediately knew that Jasmine had hung herself, and that her case was a suicide.
Investigators worked to find out why Jasmine, a ten year old little girl, would commit suicide. Eventually, other children came forward and stated that Jasmine had been being bullied at school about things like her clothing and her shoes. Other children said that Jasmine's shoes were last years model, and that they were dirty. It is suspected that Jasmine ended her life because she had been being bullied. Her mother said that she had no idea how badly her daughter was being treated at school. 

Hser Moo

Hser Ner Moo
July 16, 2000 - March 31, 2008
Hser was born on July 16, 2000 and passed away on March 31, 2008. Previously, Hser had been living in a refugee camp in Thailand with her family. Months before Hser passed away, her family had moved to Utah so they could have a better life. They were working hard to learn English. She had brothers who loved her very much, and she was known for being a bright and beautiful. She loved both learning and teaching. Her favorite color was pink. She liked playing games and playing jump rope. Another thing Hser enjoyed doing was riding on the back of her father's bicycle. She liked school, and would cut out paper circles and put them on her eyelids to make it look like she had another set of eyes when her eyes were shut. Once, she covered the bathroom in soap so she could pretend to ice skate. She was a very silly and imaginative little girl.
On the day Hser passed away, her father had told her that he would bring home candy for her after he finished work. Hser and her siblings had been being babysat by Hser's aunt and uncle while her father was at work and her mother was at a dentist appointment. Hser was cheerfully singing and running up and down the apartment's stairs. She sat with her aunt around 1:00 in the afternoon to supervise her aunt feeding her little brother. She "taught" her aunt the correct way to do it, as she loved teaching. Then Hser told her aunt, "I'm going to go play for a little while." Her aunt allowed this to happen, assuming Hser was going to play downstairs.

 Hser was reported missing when it was noticed she had been gone longer than expected. Her father first searched the surrounding area, hoping to find Hser himself. When he couldn't, in involved the authorites, and an Amber Alert was put out. Shortly afterwards, the alert was cancelled. Hser's body had been found in the shower of one of her neighbors.

The shower Hser was found in belonged to a man named Esar Met. He had abducted Hser and brought her to his apartment. Esar's four roommates were arrested, but then released when it was learned they were not at home at the time of Hser's abduction and death. Esar was arrested and charged with first degree felony counts of aggravated murder and child kidnapping. When Hser's body was found, she was face-down in the bathtub, surrounded by her own blood. She had been beaten and sexually assaulted. 

It appeared Hser's cause of death was strangulation, though investigators noticed that all of her injuries could have added to her death. It was learned later that Hser and other children who lived nearby had known Esar before. One of Hser's friends said that she and Hser had taken piggy back rides from Esar and played jump rope with him on more than one occasion.

Esar pleaded not guilty to his charges, He was found guilty by the jury and was sentenced to two consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.

Sources:
The Salt Lake Tribune
The Salt Lake Tribune
KSL

Saturday, August 27, 2016

Shiloh Pepin

Shiloh Jade Pepin
August 4, 1999 - October 23, 2009
Shiloh was born on August 4, 1999 to Elmer and Leslie Pepin. She was known as being a very cheerful and excited child. She liked bowling with her friends, and other children really looked up to her. She took ballet classes and loved them. She also liked swimming and going to school. She was born with an extremely rare condition called "sirenomelia", meaning that her legs were fused together when she was born. This condition only affects one in every one hundred thousand live births, and usually babies born with the condition pass away with in the first few days after birth.
When Shiloh was born, doctors told her parents that she would not live longer than just a few days. Four days after Shiloh's birth, when she was still living and doing well, she was able to go home from the hospital. Although Shiloh was able to go home, there were still many complications. She was born without a uterus, bladder, and large intestine, among other things. She did not have a full vagina, nor a rectal opening. There was no way for Shiloh to remove waste from her body. She was also born with just one fourth of her kidney. 
Shiloh underwent her first kidney transplant when she was just two years old. This was followed by kidney dialysis and over one hundred fifty more operations in her life. Shiloh eventually reached her tenth birthday, being one of only three people with sirenomelia known to have survived for that long. She had a big birthday party and had so much fun.
Two months after Shiloh turned ten years old, she began having lung complications. The complications were so severe that Shiloh was rushed to the hospital. While doctors worked to save her, her heart stopped beating. They performed CPR and managed to restart Shiloh's heart. Shiloh began to show signs of improving, even though she was still very ill and she was having a very difficult time breathing.
Shiloh was given oxygen tanks and vents to help her breathe. She was put on antibiotics. Doctors were struggling to keep Shiloh's body from swelling due to the fluids. Eventually, Shiloh passed away due to severe pneumonia. 

Jezebel Donnell

Jezebel Cricket Donnell
April 6, 2004 - January 14, 2007
Jezebel was born on April 6, 2004. One of her favorite things to do was eat, and her favorite food was pizza. She also liked to daintily walk around, "like a princess". She passed away when she was two years old. She had one brother named Christian and a sister named Juliana. Juliana was born in 2005 and had passed away the same year. On the day Jezebel passed away, her father, Jesse Donnell, had called 911 reporting that Jezebel was unconscious and he had found her with beads around her neck. Medical examiners saw that Jezebel had marks consistent with ligature marks on her neck. She had been wrapped in a blanket on a bed with her mother, Casie Basford. Her hands were reported to have been under the beads when she was found. Paramedics were unable to save Jezebel's life.
When Jezebel's autopsy was conducted, it was noticed that her teeth showed signs of neglect. Her death was ruled as asphyxiation, and her mother failed to show up to take a polygraph test after Jezebel's death. She moved to another location and then took a polygraph test, which she failed. Originally, Casie was not charged, even though in the 911 call, Jesse had stated, "I think my baby is dead." and when he was further questioned, he said, "I think she had gotten a hold of some beads. I think that Casie flipped out and murdered Jezebel."

Jezebel's other family members begged that Casie be charged with something, as they believed she was responsible for Jezebel's death. Initially, they did not charge her, ignoring the pleas of Jezebel's family even after it was found that Casie had been abusing drugs at the time and failing to take drugs she had been prescribed for her mental disorder. The case was reopened years later after it was discussed that Jezebel showed signs of neglect on her fingers, toes, and teeth, and that her designated sleeping area was dirty and covered with cigarette butts.

It was eventually ruled that the cause of Jezebel's death was strangulation. Casie plead guilty to a count of child abuse. She was given a ten year suspended sentence with six months intended to be served in jail.

Sources:
News OK
News9
Review of the Death of Jezebel C. Donnell

Devin Drake

Devin Scott Drake
March 13, 2008 - September 4, 2011
At the time of Devin's death, he was in the care of his mother, Elizabeth Moorman, and her boyfriend, Anthony Urban. He was just three years old when he was taken to the hospital. He was unconscious, and as soon as medical professionals saw him, they contact the authorities suspecting severe child abuse. He had bruises all over his body. His lungs were punctured and he had significant head trauma, as well as a shattered skull. Due to the severity of his injuries, he was airlifted to another hospital.
Devin was placed on life support and doctors worked to reduce the swelling in his brain. Devin's older sister and his biological father were able to visit him at the hospital. He passed away just five days later. Police questioned Elizabeth and Anthony about what had happened to Devin. Elizabeth said that she hadn't been at the home at the time Devin was injured, and that she was running errands when Anthony called her and said that Devin vomited and then went stiff. She claimed to have returned home and performed CPR on Devin. 
After further questioning, Elizabeth gave another story. In this story, she said that she had been in the apartment with Devin when she noticed he felt a little warm, so she gave him Tylenol. She said after she gave him the Tylenol, he vomited and collapsed. She said the performed CPR on Devin for fifteen minutes before deciding to take him to the hospital. She gave police yet another story afterwards. In the third story, she said that Devin had ridden his toy car into the toy box and then fallen in. In the fourth and final story, Elizabeth said that another child in the complex had pushed Devin down the stairs.
Anthony gave a story that didn't match any of the stories Elizabeth provided. He said that Devin was sitting on a stool when he fell off and hit his head on the floor. He said that Devin acted disoriented after he fell, and that he could no longer stand on his own. He said that Elizabeth told him that he shouldn't call for help because she was afraid she would be arrested. Like Elizabeth, Anthony gave more than one story. In his second story, he said that he had been helping Devin brush his teeth when Devin bit him, causing Anthony to punch Devin in his head, knocking him into the ceramic floor, and causing him to hit his head on that too.
Elizabeth was initially charged with one count of felony child neglect, while Anthony was charged with one felony count of first degree assault. When Devin passed away, both were charged with second degree murder. After Devin's death, a neighbor came forward and said that he had seen Devin days before his death. The neighbor said Devin had a bump and a few other more minor injuries. Other neighbors reported seeing Devin with a black eye before. They said that they had been planning on calling child protective services, though they never did. They also said that they believed Devin had been injured before Anthony became involved in his life, though Devin's biological father reported never having seen any signs of abuse on Devin.

In late 2012, Elizabeth plead guilty to second degree manslaughter and child neglect. She admitted that she knew that Anthony had been abusing Devin. She also said that both she and Anthony had been abusing prescription medication at the time of Devin's death. She was sentenced to four years in prison. Anthony plead guilty to unintentional second degree murder and was sentenced to 190 months, which equals out to a bit less than sixteen years.

Sources:
Lighting Their Way Home
Twin Cities
Twin Cities

Thursday, August 25, 2016

Ollie Hebb

Ollie Kai Hebb
June 21, 2010 - March 24, 2012
Ollie was born on June 21, 2010 to Chris and Tiffany Hebb. He was known as being playful, happy, and curious. On the day Ollie passed away, he had woken up at 6:30 in the morning which was unusual for him. Ollie's mother cooked Ollie and his father breakfast. Ollie hung out with his father until his father had to go to work.
Ollie pushed his little chair to the window so he could wave goodbye to his father. Ollie's mother changed him out of his pajamas and then they went to do the laundry together. She usually let Ollie help by putting some of the clothing into the washing machine. Ollie loved to help whenever he could, so this made him very happy. 
Ollie and his mother finished putting the sheets in the washing machine and then left the room. Ollie's mother was pregnant at the time so she went online to read about her new baby's development. She eventually grew concerned when she didn't hear Ollie make any noises. Ollie was usually very close to her. She called out to him, but he didn't answer. 
Ollie's mother ran to the back door, but she didn't see or hear Ollie then either. She went to the laundry room to see if he was playing in the cat's litter box, as he sometimes did. He was not there either. Eventually, after not finding Ollie anywhere, she put her hands into the washing machine. She didn't think that Ollie would actually be inside, but he was. As she tried to pull him out, she realized he was stuck inside the machine and he was not breathing.
Ollie's mother could not figure out how to remove him from the machine so she propped his head up so it was above the water before quickly running outside, shouting for help. A neighbor heard her and she went to try and help get Ollie out of the washing machine. They still had trouble, and eventually, the neighbor yanked Ollie's body out so they could begin CPR.
Paramedics arrived about three minutes later. They worked to save Ollie for about fifteen minutes. They even managed to get his heart to beat again. Ollie was transported to the hospital and put onto a ventilator. CPR continued at the hospital for nearly thirty minutes. Eventually, Ollie was transported to a children's hospital where he had a PICC line put in.
Ollie's parents were taken to a private room where doctors told them that there was only a small chance that Ollie would survive. Ollie's brain wasn't functioning properly due to the amount of time he wasn't receiving oxygen. The doctor said that in three days, Ollie's brain would likely shut down completely.
Family members came to see Ollie at the hospital. Around twenty-four hours after the accident occurred, Ollie's parents knew that they had to make the decision to take Ollie off of life support. The nurses unhooked Ollie from life support and allowed his family to hold him. They all took turns holding him for the six hours he survived off of life support. He took his last breath in his mother's arms.

Sources:
Desert News
The Hebbs
Star Advertiser

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Rebecca Riley

Rebecca Jeanne Riley
April 11, 2002 - December 13, 2006
Rebecca was born on April 11, 2002 to Michael and Carolyn Riley. She had two siblings named Gerard and Kaitlynne. When Rebecca was four years old, police responded to a 911 call about an unresponsive little girl. They arrived at Rebecca's home and found Rebecca on the floor of her parents' bedroom. She had passed away.
Investigators examined Rebecca and her records and discovered that she had been prescribed clonidine for ADHD along with valproic acid and seroquel for bipolar disorder. It was discovered that Rebecca had been diagnosed with both disorders when she was just two and a half years old. Rebecca's cause of death ended up being drug intoxication due to all of the drugs that she had taken. She had clonidine, valproic acid, dextromethorphan, and chlorpheniramine. They believed that Rebecca had been intentionally overdosed with clonidine, and her death was investigated as a homicide.
 Both of Rebecca's parents, Michael and Carolyn, were charged with Rebecca's murder. Rebecca's six year old sister and eleven year old brother were removed from their parents' custody. An investigation the previous year alleged that Rebecca's father had sexually abused a thirteen year old girl. The same year, Rebecca's mother had been investigated for neglecting her children. 
In 2010, Rebecca's father, Michael, was convicted of first degree murder. He was sentenced to life without the possibility of parole. Carolyn was also found guilty and was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after fifteen years.

Sarah Payne

Sarah Evelyn Isobel Payne
October 13, 1991 - July 1, 2000
Sarah was born on October 13, 1991. On July 1, 2000, Sarah was playing outside near a cornfield close to her grandparents' home. She was visiting her grandparents during the summer break from school. She was playing with her two brothers and her thirteen year old sister. They were playing hide and seek around the tall corn. Sarah's siblings could not find Sarah. Initially, it was believed she was just hiding very well during their game. As time went on, Sarah's family became concerned when she didn't ever come out from her hiding place.
Sarah was reported missing and investigators began searching for her. Investigators immediately thought that Sarah had likely been abducted. They started looking into people who lived nearby who had been convicted of sex crimes in the past. They found a man who lived five miles away from where Sarah was last seen. His named was Roy Whiting. Five years before Sarah went missing, Roy had abducted and sexually abused an eight year old girl. At the time, a psychologist said that Roy would likely commit his crime again. A life sentence was possible in his case, but since he had complied with police and pleaded guilty right away, he was only given a term of four years.
When officers questioned Roy, asking if he knew anything about a little girl named Sarah Payne, he said that he had nothing to do with Sarah's disappearance. Police were still suspicious, as he acted as if he was hiding something. Later, officers saw him driving a white van, which he failed to mention he owned when he was questioned by police. Because of his failure to tell police about the van, they were able to stop him and arrest him.

Police asked where Roy was at the time Sarah went missing. He said he was at a fair until around nine in the evening when he went home. Police found a receipt from a gas station at his home. The time on the receipt proved that his alibi was false. There was still no evidence that linked Roy to Sarah in any way, however, so he was released on bail.

Sixteen days after Sarah went missing, her body was found along the side of a field. She was fifteen miles away from where she had disappeared and only three miles away from where Roy's receipt was from. Police arrested Roy again, but they didn't find any evidence in his home linking him to Sarah, so he was released again.

Later, Roy stole a car. He was seen with the stolen car and police attempted to stop him, though he led them on a high-speed chase. He was eventually caught after colliding the stolen car with another car. He was put into jail for twenty-two months for stealing the car and recklessly driving it. While Roy was in jail, police investigated his belongings even further, just to be sure he had nothing to do with Sarah's death.

In the back of the white van Roy owned, there was a man's shirt. On the shirt was a strand of blonde hair. It could not be 100% proven that the hair belonged to Sarah, but it was concluded that there was a billion to one chance of the hair not being Sarah's, meaning that it was very, very likely that it was Sarah's hair.

Police also began investigating the one piece of Sarah's clothing they had. When Sarah's body was found, she was nude, but a citizen happened upon one of her shoes and gave it to the police. On the shoe fibers that matched that of Roy's van's carpet was found. Roy was charged with murder. The jury found him guilty and he was sentenced to life in prison.

Sources:
The Telegraph
Mirror

Saturday, August 13, 2016

Sherrice Iverson

Sherrice Iverson
October 20, 1989 - May 25, 1997

Sherrice passed away when she was seven years old. She was known as being a sweet and happy second grader who was filled with love. She was very sweet, and a very good student. On the day Sherrice died, her father, LeRoy Iverson, dropped her off, along with her fourteen year old brother, at an arcade in a hotel. This was just after midnight.  Sherrice played happily there for a little more than three hours without any adult supervision. 

Around 1:33 a.m. the hotel security had noticed that a little girl, Sherrice, was unattended. They sent someone to go collect her. Sherrice's older brother stepped in and said that he was watching her, though shortly afterwards, he left Sherrice alone again. Sherrice happily played the arcade games by herself while her father hung out in the casino on another floor of the hotel.

At nearly 4:00 a.m., Sherrice went into the women's bathroom. This was caught on a surveillance video. What was also caught was a man following behind Sherrice into the bathroom. Another man waited just outside the bathroom. Around twenty-five minutes later, the man that went into the bathroom came out. Sherrice did not.

Forty-five minutes later, LeRoy decided to come and check on his daughter. When he couldn't find her, he grew afraid and asked a female employee at the arcade if she could go into the bathroom and see if Sherrice was there. Sherrice was in the bathroom, but she was no longer alive. The same surveillance video that showed Sherrice going into the bathroom showed the employee, horrified, grabbing LeRoy and taking him into the bathroom. 

Sherrice had been strangled and sexually assaulted. Investigators immediately began searching for the person who had assaulted and murdered Sherrice. Eventually, a man named Jeremy Strohmeyer was found to be the one who raped and murdered Sherrice. It was revealed that when Sherrice went into the bathroom and Jeremy followed her in, the two initially were playfully throwing wet paper towels at each other. Sherrice tossed a wet floor sign at Jeremy, and then  Jeremy's friend, David Cash, entered the bathroom, watching Jeremy force Sherrice into the bathroom stall.

David reported that Jeremy had covered Sherrice's mouth with one hand and sexually molested her with the other. At this point, David left the bathroom. Twenty minutes later, Jeremy left too and told David that he had sexually assaulted and killed Sherrice. Three days after Sherrice's death, Jeffrey was arrested after being identified on the security tape. He was charged with first degree murder, first degree kidnapping, and sexual assault of a minor.

Police questioned Jeremy and he revealed that he had sexually molested Sherrice, and then strangled her because he didn't want her to scream. He said that he was going to leave the bathroom when he noticed that Sherrice was still alive. He twisted her head, trying to break her neck. It was found that Jeremy possessed child pornography and he confessed that he fantasized about having sex with children as young as five years old.

Jeremy plead guilty to all of his charges and was sentenced to four consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.

Sources:
Murderpedia
Time
Las Vegas Sun

Friday, August 12, 2016

Laura Skinner

Laura Ashley Skinner
December 30, 1983 - January 19, 1987
Laura passed away less than one month after her third birthday. At the time of her death, Laura had more than eighty bruises. Her mother was Celia Skinner. She had a job during the day, and at night she danced in a bar to get extra income. While she was doing this, her boyfriend, Bruce Lower, babysat Laura. He was unemployed, so he didn't have much else to do.

The day before Laura passed away, a neighbor saw Bruce answering the apartment door. He was wearing only a bathtub. Laura was there too, standing behind him. She was crying and she wasn't wearing any clothing. Two months before that, Laura had been taken to the doctor for a broken collarbone. Medical professionals ruled that this was not abuse, and she was sent home with Bruce and Celia. 

After Laura's death, Bruce said that she had been eating oatmeal when she bumped her head. He said that he was afraid to seek medical help because he knew people were already suspicious that Laura had been being abused. He said that Laura was unconscious all day, and he had carried her around with him, her still being unconscious, while he shopped for furniture and took a walk in the park. He said at the park, he fell down the embankment while holding her, which is why Laura had bruises.

When medical examiners examined Laura's body, they concluded that she had also been sexually assaulted. There was also a bite mark on her thigh. When Bruce was questioned about the bite mark, he said that he had bitten Laura in an attempt to wake her up after he found that she was unconscious. 

Bruce's story was proved false. It was clear that Laura had been beaten and abused. However, he only served sixteen years for his time, and was only found guilty of involuntary manslaughter. After the trial, it was revealed that there had been another witness that was never called to testify. This witness said that Bruce had been drunk and watching pornography when he tried to rape Laura, which he had done before, and killed her when she resisted.  

In 2003, Bruce was set free.

Sources:
Angelizd
Case Text
Web Sleuths

Dylan Groene

Dylan James Groene
July 16, 1995 - July 4, 2005
Dylan was born on July 16, 1995. On May 16, 2005, the body of his mother, Brenda Groene, was discovered. Brenda's boyfriend, Mark McKenzie's, body was discovered, along with Dylan's older brother, Slade's, body. Investigators found that the cause of all three of the deaths were blunt force trauma and began investigating the deaths as homicides. They become concerned when Brenda's two youngest children, nine year old Dylan and eight year old Shasta, were nowhere to be found. They issued an AmberAlert for both of them. 
Seven weeks after the three bodies were found, Shasta was seen in the early morning at a Denny's restaurant. This was on July 2, 2005. A waitress, a manager, and two customers that were at the restaurant recognized Shasta because they had seen her photo on the news. They called the police and physically prevented the man Shasta was with, Joseph Duncan, from leaving. Police officers arrived and arrested the man. Shasta confirmed who she was to a waitress and to the police. She was taken the hospital for medical treatment, and also so she could see her father. 
Police knew that there was not much hope that Dylan was alive when Shasta was found without him. They still searched for him. Police asked the public for information about a car that Joseph had rented but never returned. A gas station employee notified police that she believed this vehicle had been at the gas station she worked in. She also revealed that she had seen Joseph there with a little girl that she thought looked like Shasta, however nothing seemed to be unusual about how the girl or the man was acting, so she didn't say anything.

Two days after Shasta was found, investigators found human remains at a campsite. They were identified as Dylan's remains. Shasta was able to provide much of the information that is known about what happened to her brothers, mother, and mother's boyfriend. Shasta said that her mother had called her into the living room, and when she went, she saw Joseph with a gun. Her mother's hands were tied with zip ties, as were Mark's and Slade's. Dylan and Shasta were taken outside and put into the car that Joseph had stolen. While they were in the car, Joseph killed Brenda, Mark, and Slade.

Dylan and Shasta were taken to many different locations by Joseph in the duration of six weeks. Both were sexually assaulted by Joseph many times. Joseph video taped some of this, and eventually, a video was found that featured Joseph sexually assaulted Dylan and then shooting him in his stomach, which eventually caused his death. Shasta said that she was then taken to two different camp sites. At one, Joseph told her that he had beaten her mother, Mark, and Slade to death with a hammer.

Shasta was put into the custody of her father. It was found that Joseph had a history of sexual crimes. His first recorded sexual crime occurred in 1978. He was fifteen years old at the time, and he had raped a nine year old boy, threatening him with a gun. At one point, he told a therapist that he had bound and raped six different boys. He also told a therapist that he estimated that he had raped thirteen boys younger than him by the time he was sixteen years old.

About one year before murdering the Groene family and kidnapping Shasta, Joseph had been charged with sexually assaulting two boys at a playground. He also had a blog that described his life. In it, he denied being a pedophile, and said that he had been sexually abused as a child. He was sentenced to three death sentences for the crimes he committed against the Groene family. In 2011 he pleaded guilty to the murder of another boy, ten year old Anthony Martinez. Anthony had been kidnapped while playing with his friends in 1997. Two weeks after Anthony went missing, his body was found, partially nude. He had been sexually assaulted and bound with duct tape. For Anthony's assault and murder, Joseph was sentenced to two life sentences.